TO THE SIXTY-FIFTH REGULAR SESSION OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF
NEW YORK, September 27, 2010
Excellencies Heads of State and Government,
Mr. Secretary General,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
I have the great honor of speaking at the Sixty-Fifth Ordinary Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations, on behalf of His Excellency Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, President and Head of State of Equatorial Guinea, who for multiple and high occupations of the State, has not been possible to take an active part as he would have liked, in this August Assembly.
On behalf of the Government and people of Equatorial Guinea, I wish to first offer my most sincere congratulations to His Excellency. Mr. Joseph Deiss, and his unanimous election as President of this regular session of the General Assembly. We wish you much success in the direction of the work and deliberations of this session.
Our gratitude also extends to other elected officers and in a very special way, our admiration and respect for the Hon. Dr. Ali Abussalam Treki, outgoing President and distinguished African diplomat, who has played a major role as President of the sixty-fourth session and led us to begin this new session with plenty of optimism.
The Republic of Equatorial Guinea reaffirms its firm commitment and adherence to the ideals, principles and objectives of the Organization of the United Nations. And in that context, I greet the Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, and I reiterate the gratitude of the Government and people of Equatorial Guinea for his wise leadership in managing this great organization, and particularly appreciate his vision and the opportunity that has able to identify and select the seven (7) current world strategic issues that should deserve more attention from all Member States in this Session.
Equatorial Guinea is optimistically participating in the work of this Session with respect to the eventual and gradual solution to the problems facing humanity today in general and on the African continent in particular.
Especially, the fact that the nineties saw several initiatives to promote sustainable development, which have been promoted through major global conferences and summits, addressing issues like Population and Sustainable Development, Food, Environment, Development Finance, among others, and in the context of this session of 2010, the review of implementation, and monitoring the results of those conferences and summits, such as the Millennium Summit.
What has happened in more than ten years after these summits, particularly, the Millennium Summit? As rightly pointed out in previous speeches in this Assembly, it makes no sense to continue doing things the same way and expecting different results.
Unfortunately, both the Report of the Secretary General as the statements issued in recent days by the various delegations at the High Level Meeting on the Millennium Summit, suggest that instead of improving, the number of hungry people has increased, remained at higher levels than the number of people living in poverty, and the environment has degraded causing severe climate events, such as natural disasters including, constant floods, earthquakes, hurricanes, etc., which have caused devastation in several countries and heavy losses to the livelihood of their populations.
As if the above phenomena were not enough, acts of international terrorism have increased, organized crimes and cross-continental piracy and the acute economic crisis is affecting the entire international community.
All these phenomena highlight the need for greater awareness and coordination of all nations on the planet.
We should all concentrate our efforts, energies and resources on measures to promote and maintain peace and security in the world, promote a healthy environment, active cooperation to eliminate nuclear weapons, and combat terrorism and international organized crime.
We must work closely to forge a world where there is a participatory and equitable spirit between men and women in which the reform of the Security Council allows greater representation, participation and decision making that reflects the will and the interests of all countries and regions of the world, big, medium or small.
In previous speeches, the importance was highlighted of, and I quote: "each UN member country is clearly responsible implied here within the United Nations to respond to the urgent issues concerning the world today.”
This call, Mr. President, is what inspired His Excellency the President of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea to propose the creation of an international award for scientific research in the fields of life sciences at the General Conference of the Organization of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 2007. This contribution of USD $3 million, is directed at the international scientific community and aims to find solutions and remedies to the major pandemics and diseases that plague the world today in general and, particularly, the African Continent.
Surprisingly, Mr. President,
- despite the great need for the international scientific community,
- despite its potential to alleviate the suffering of vulnerable communities particularly in Africa,
- despite having been duly approved by member states that make up the Executive Board of UNESCO, and
- despite the unanimous decision of Members of the International Committee on the Award, to name three international scientists as winners international (mostly from developing countries),
this prize is still blocked today, simply because it is an initiative of an African leader.
The Republic of Equatorial Guinea denounces the manipulations and maneuvers of the new UNESCO administration against the humanitarian initiative of the People of Equatorial Guinea. As a Member State, it seems unprecedented and somewhat disturbing that a decision of the Executive Council of a United Nations institution is not executed by the Secretariat.
Most worrisome is that the manipulations and injustice of certain undeclared interests have become apparent within organizations within the United Nations, and is unfortunately the case of UNESCO, where we believed all member countries had the same consideration and equal rights.
The determination and humanity of the President of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea to help solve the problems that plague humanity speaks for itself. Among the physical donations and consumer goods offered in the past, we could mention, among other things, the donations sent to:
- Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (for the Chernobyl accident in 1986)
- Federal Republic of Nigeria (for the oil pipeline explosion in the town of Jesse 1998)
- Republic of Cameroon (for the Naos Volcanic Eruption)
- Central African Republic (for aid of its economic crisis 2003-2004)
- Niger (for the famine in 2007)
- Democratic People's Republic of Korea (for the support of its economic crisis)
- United States (for Hurricane Katrina)
- Republic of Cuba (for the effects of hurricanes in 2008)
- Republic of Bangladesh (for the tsunami disaster)
- Republic of Haiti (for hurricanes and floods in 2008 and 2010)
- Republic of Sao Tome and Principe (for Economic Crisis)
- Republic of Algeria Democratic and Popular (earthquakes in 2005)
It is for all the aforementioned acts that the People and the Government of Equatorial Guinea believe that this is the appropriate time and place to once again express its deep concern and concern for the unfair and irresponsible attitude by certain figures and NGOs working against the laudable and humanitarian initiative to create the UNESCO-Obiang Nguema Mbasogo prize to motivate and encourage action by the world's scientists in scientific research for the conservation of life.
The Republic of Equatorial Guinea asks that without further delay, the UNESCO-Obiang Nguema Mbasogo international prize for research in life sciences materialize in accordance with decision 180 EX/57 which was adopted unanimously by all Member States of the Executive Board of UNESCO in October 2008.
The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a sovereign independent state, ruled by a democratic and pluralistic political system that respects the fundamental rights of individuals, without discrimination of race, ethnicity, gender or creed. These principles are enshrined in the Basic Law and the laws that underpin the legal system of our country, which guarantees and promotes individual and collective freedoms for the citizens of Equatorial Guinea, which provides punishment for offenders likely to undermine the rule of law.
Indeed, the Constitution of Equatorial Guinea gives prominence and privilege to human rights and fundamental freedoms, as long as it is based on the United Nations Charter and its principles and objectives underlying the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Therefore, our country has begun the process of judicial reform, and has ratified several international conventions and treaties on promotion and protection of human rights as an integral part of our legal system, while the Government over the last ten years has made great progress in updating and adaptating legislation, legal and administrative requirements for the promotion and protection of civil and political rights, as well as social, economic and cultural.
In addition to these constant and strenuous efforts, several other measures and actions have been taken by the Government of Equatorial Guinea to strengthen enforcement of existing laws in the country in order to promote human rights and the rule of law, especially, the recent enactment of the new Organic Law of Judicial Power, which determines the comprehensive organization of the judiciary and the administration of justice in Equatorial Guinea.
In recent years, the world's nations have witnessed a resurgence of acts of terrorism and violence, in particular, since the tragedy in this historic and beautiful American city of New York on September 11, 2001. Such actions have led the fight against terrorism to become one of the priority themes of international and national policy in all countries.
Within this context, the United Nations and international law have defined a series of stringent requirements that states must obligatorily meet in order to ensure an effective fight against this global scourge that affects all States equally without distinction of nationality or borders.
In particular, we must take into account resolution 1373 (2001), and those related, by the Security Council of the United Nations, which represents a significant milestone in the international fight against terrorism. In effect, this resolution which imposes on States a series of obligations, including to incriminate certain behaviors, such as the financing of terrorism, or recruitment of members of terrorist groups.
Therefore, the implementation of international standards in the fight against terrorism, especially in terms of criminality, not merely an internal criminal policy decision, but the fulfillment of their obligations under international law in general.
Our country has been repeatedly the victim of terrorist attacks in the past five years, so that the Government of Equatorial Guinea has placed the fight against terrorism as a priority in its Action Plan for national development, while condemning in the strongest terms acts of terrorism, whatever its motivation or origin, since it constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security.
Equatorial Guinea remains true to its commitments and is convinced of the need to continue the efforts being made in relation to the Millennium Declaration and in accordance with the principles of the United Nations aimed at overcoming the many challenges of development.
However, the current situation requires closer cooperation, more dynamic and efficient, sincere and coordinated, that excludes all conditions, and coordinated support and solidarity with all political forces in developed countries, in order to promote shared prosperity and a better future for all countries.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Let me conclude, on behalf of the Government of Equatorial Guinea, we renew greatest desire that the current design and conduct of international affairs be amended – which are showing often exclusionary attitudes of certain States and regions – through a stronger and sincere commitment of all the international community in favor of the ongoing United Nations reform, aimed at strengthening multilateralism.
Only then we will have established a solid foundation for a lasting world peace and security, a prosperous world now and a sustainable legacy for future generations.